Most horses have 12 pairs of teeth or 24 molars that do the majority of the crushing of the feed before they swallow it but as horse ages, these teeth also wear and the ability to convert long fibers into short fibers or whole grains into crushed grains before swallowing is diminished.
As horses get older the grinding surface changes and we often get a thing called the cupped crown, and that’s where the grinding the surface of the molar becomes quite smoothed out, and loses its ability to convert the long fibers into short fibers.
Some old horses with really poor teeth suffer complete mechanical failure. However, feeding that tests good and easy to chew are so important and beneficial for them. For example, feeds like An Equine Senior is dedicated to older horses that face dental health difficulties and digesting problems. In fact, easy soak pellets like An Equine Senior with warm water make mashing easier.
Also, high-quality fiber food helps older horses to control their body condition and digestive function. In addition to this, we recommend that young horses under the age of five, if they’re just on grass, should be checked at least twice a year if they’re grain-fed or in hard work as a racehorse.
Finally, every horse is different, and depending on what you breed your horse is the quality of its teeth. Therefore, it’s important that you get the most out of your horse, and caring for your horse and ensuring its well-being and longevity are a really important aspect for a horse owner.